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Oshtobin geosite

Oshtobin geosite

The Oshtobin Village is an example of a mountain village located in the middle of a valley. It includes three villages named Haras, Siavoshan, and Jafarabad. The natural landscape of this village was registered on Iran's National Monument List in 2000. Documents obtained from the inscriptions found in the village date back to 1440 and 1569 AC. In Oshtobin Village, houses have yard balconies so that the roof of one house is the yard for the house on top. Beautiful fences, carved capitals, sashes, and windows state the high civilization and art of the villagers.

In ancient times, silkworm breeding and production of silk fabrics were well developed in this village. The ancestors of this village with the knowledge of slope steep construction and sustainable engineering on the slopes have masterfully built this village.

There is a large body of granite outcrop in the south of the village. It is Ordobad (in the Nakhichevan Autonomous Republic) Granite extended about 350 km2. This granite outcrop belongs to Oligocene Era (about 33.9 million to 23 million years ago). Granite is an igneous rock with a crystalline (crystalized) texture. It is a very hard stone that can be found in a variety of colors, from pink to white and gray. Granite is one of the strongest and heaviest stones with a density of 2.75 grams per cubic centimeter.